Radiology and Imaging

CT SCANS

ct_2141Below is a list of some frequently asked questions, but feel free to contact us if you need additional information. We are always pleased to assist you.

What is a Computer Tomographic (CT) examination?

CT stands for Computer Tomography, a type of x-ray examination that obtains digital images of the body using a thin x-ray beam.

Why did my doctor order the CT examination?

CT is used to diagnose abnormalities of the head, abdomen, pelvis, spine, as well as, the bones and joints. CT provides highly detailed information about bony structures, joints, soft tissue structures, and soft tissue calcifications. CT is also used to guide procedures such as biopsies, aspirations of fluid collections, facet joint injections, and nerve root blocks.

ct_scanWho performs and interprets the CT examination?

The CT examination is ordered by your referring physician and is interpreted by a radiologist. A radiologist is a physician with special training in the safe utilization of imaging equipment and cross-sectional image interpretation. The radiologist will protocol (prescribe) the specific examination parameters. A specialty trained CT technologist will operate the CT machine according to the prescribed protocol. The radiologist will supervise and confirm that the examination is performed accurately, interpret the study, and provide a written report to your physician. The American Board of Radiology certifies all radiologists at Mercy Medical Center.

How is CT performed?

The x-ray tube and a series of detectors are contained in a doughnut-shaped machine; you lie on a platform that will move you slowly through the doughnut. Some CT examinations will require an injection of an iodinated contrast agent into your vein. If contrast is needed, an intravenous line will be placed for the injection if you do not already have a functioning intravenous line. Patients undergoing CT-guided biopsies, joint injections and/or aspirations, facet and/or nerve root injections, may have local anesthesia and needle placement, as required, for performing these specific procedures.

What should I do to prepare for the examination?

If your CT examination is part of a procedure, follow the instructions for that procedure. If the CT examination is to include an injection of a contrast agent, it is advisable that you do not eat or drink for a couple of hours before the procedure. If you have any allergies, especially allergies to medications, contrast agent, local anesthesia, Betadine soap, or latex, be sure to inform your physician at the time of scheduling the procedure; and also inform the x-ray technologist and the radiologist before the start of the procedure.

If you are pregnant or think you may be pregnant, be sure to inform your physician, the technologist, and the radiologist prior to the procedure. Most procedures/examinations using x-rays will not be performed on pregnant women unless the benefits of the procedure/examination outweigh the risks of radiation exposure to the fetus.

What are the risks?

Although many slices may be obtained of a portion of your body, each slice is obtained with a very thin x-ray beam in order to minimize exposure and scatter radiation. The x-ray exposure you receive is within the limits determined to be acceptable (safe) by the National Radiation Safety Commission.

Contrast Reaction:

If intravenous contrast is used, there is a risk of reaction to contrast. Contrast reactions vary, from nausea, vomiting, itching, or hives, to more serious reactions including anaphylactic reaction (severe allergic reaction) with hypotension (low blood pressure), shock, and in rare cases, death.

Allergies:

If you have a history of prior reaction to a contrast agent, be sure to inform your physician at the time of scheduling of the CT exam. Also, at the time of the examination, be sure to inform the technologist and the radiologist performing the exam prior to the injection of any contrast. Individuals with a history severe contrast reaction will either have the exam performed without contrast or in certain cases will have it performed with contrast after a course of premedication with steroids and antihistamine. The premedication is started a day or so before the exam.

Bleeding/Soreness at the Injection Site:

Bleeding may occur at the puncture site for the intravenous line or at the sight of needle placement for biopsy, joint injection and/or aspiration, facet injection, or nerve root block.

What are the alternatives?

Your physician has ordered a CT examination because the specific information a CT offers will be useful in making a diagnosis, planning treatment, or following the progress of treatment. Routine radiographs, ultrasound examination, nuclear medicine scanning, or magnetic resonance imaging are possible alternatives.

What can I expect after the procedure?

If intravenous contrast was given, soreness at the site of the intravenous line can be expected to last a few hours. If a biopsy, joint injection, and/or aspiration, or nerve root block was performed, soreness at the sight of needle placement may last up to a few days, or a hematoma with swelling and a black and blue appearance can develop at the site of needle placement.

What happens with the results?

The radiologist will interpret your CT examination and generate a written report. The report will become a part of your medical record and a copy will be sent to your referring physician. If an abnormality of urgent nature is discovered on your scan, your physician will be notified immediately. Copies of the report can be obtained through your referring physician's office. The radiographs are the property of the institution, as are biopsy slides or blood samples. Copies of the radiographs can be obtained by contacting the file room. There is a charge for obtaining film copies and mailing them to your physician.

Will other tests be ordered?

Your physician may order additional types of imaging studies in order to further evaluate your condition.

 

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